skip nav
National Prevention Information Network
Search Help
Other Searches: Search Organizations | Search Materials | Search Campaign Resources | Search Funding
español
Share Share this page on Twitter Share this page on Facebook Share this page on LinkedIn View more options to share this page E-mail this page to a colleague Print this page


Infected Persons

An estimated 1.1 million persons in the United States are living with diagnosed or undiagnosed HIV/AIDS.(1) Advances in the early diagnosis, treatment, and care of HIV+ persons have helped many people enjoy increased health and longer life. Some HIV+ persons have experienced a renewed interest in sexual or drug-using activity. This can place them at risk for acquiring additional STD infections and for transmitting HIV to their uninfected partners. (2) Many HIV+ persons, therefore, require programs to help them stay safe.(3)

The interconnectedness of HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STDs, and TB grows increasingly apparent as biomedical and behavioral scientists learn more about people's susceptibility and risks. For example, without treatment, as with any other opportunistic infection, HIV and TB can work together to shorten the life of the person infected.(4) In addition, many STDs increase both HIV infectiousness and susceptibility.(5) CDC is applying new research to the elimination of TB and the prevention of all major STDs, including HIV infection. If plans to eliminate TB and prevent the spread of HIV and STDs are to succeed, they must be integrated with each other.

Featured Links

Learn more about coinfection risks:


Featured Links

For Prevention Partners/Clinicians

Prevalence and Indicators of Viral Suppression Among Persons with Diagnosed HIV Infection Retained in Care — Georgia, 2010
From CDC’s MMWR Weekly January 24, 2014 / 63(03);55-58

Oral Health and HIV (PDF)
From Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA)

Mortality Among Patients with Tuberculosis and Associations with HIV Status—United States, 1993—2008
From CDC’s MMWR Weekly; November 26, 2010 / 59(46);1509-1513

Novel H1N1 Flu and HIV-Infected Adults and Adolescents (podcast)
From CDC's Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention

Guidelines for Prevention and Treatment of Opportunistic Infections in HIV-Infected Adults and Adolescents 
From CDC's MMWR Early Release; March 24, 2009 / 58(Early Release);1-198

Connecting HIV Infected Patients to Care: A Review of Best Practices
From the American Academy of HIV Medicine

TB and HIV/AIDS
From CDC's Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention

Managing Drug Interactions in the Treatment of HIV-Related Tuberculosis
From CDC's Division of Tuberculosis Elimination

TB and HIV Coinfection
Publication from the Division of Tuberculosis Elimination (DTBE) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention (NCHHSTP)

TB Treatment Guidelines Related to HIV/AIDS Coinfection
MMWRs from the Division of Tuberculosis Elimination of the National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention

Prevention of Opportunistic Infections Guidelines
Recommendations of the U.S. Public Health Service and the Infectious Diseases Society of America

A Pocket Guide to Adult HIV/AIDS Treatment: Companion to a Guide to Primary Care of People with HIV/AIDS (PDF)
From the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA)
HIV/AIDS Bureau (HAB)

A Guide To Primary Care For People With AIDS (PDF)
From HRSA HAB

A Guide To The Clinical Care Of Women with HIV/AIDS, 2005 edition (PDF)
From HRSA HAB

Adult and Adolescent Guidelines
From NIH

Pediatric Guidelines
From HRSA, NIH, and François-Xavier Bagnoud Center, UMDNJ

What Are HIV+ Persons’ HIV Prevention Needs?
From the Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, University of California San Francisco

Incorporating HIV Prevention into the Medical Care of Persons Living with HIV
From recommendations of the CDC, HRSA , NIH, and the HIV Medicine Association of the Infectious Diseases Society of America MMWR Recommendations and Reports: July 18, 2003 / Vol. 52 / RR-12:1-24

HIV Infection and Mental Health Guide
From the Pennsylvania/MidAtlantic AIDS Education and Training Center

Mental Illness and HIV Disease (PDF)
From HRSA Care Action

For Infected Persons

Paying for your HIV/AIDS Medications
From The Body

Your Rights as a Person with HIV Infection or AIDS (PDF)
From the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office for Civil Rights

What Adults with HIV Infection Should Know About 2009 H1N1 Flu (Formerly Called Swine Flu)
From CDC

Living With HIV/AIDS
Booklet by CDC
En Español

HIV: How to Avoid Infections if You’re HIV Positive
From the American Academy of Family Physicians

HIV and AIDS: Coping with an HIV Diagnosis
From the American Academy of Family Physicians
En español

Safe Food and Water
From CDC
En español

If You Have HIV Infection Which Vaccinations Do You Need? (PDF)
From the Immunization Action Coalition

Caring for Someone with AIDS at Home: Guarding Against Infections
From CDC
En Español

HIV/AIDS Stigma in the Workplace
From CDC's Business Responds to AIDS/Labor Responds to AIDS

Questions and Answers: The Americans with Disabilities Act and Persons with HIV/AIDS
FAQs from the U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Disability Rights Section



1 CDC. HIV/AIDS in the United States. Atlanta: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; 2009. [cited 2010 March 19]. Available from: http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/resources/factsheets/us.htm.
2 Janssen RS, Valdiserri RO. HIV prevention in the United States: increasing emphasis on working with those living with HIV. Journal of AIDS. 2004;37:S119-S121.
3 Center for AIDS Prevention Studies. What Are HIV+ Persons’ HIV Prevention Needs? San Francisco: University of California San Francisco; 2005. [cited 2010 March 19]. Available from: http://caps.ucsf.edu/factsheets/hiv-persons/.
4 CDC. TB and HIV Coinfection. Atlanta: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; 2005. [cited 2010 March 19]. Available from: http://www.cdc.gov/tb/publications/pamphlets/TB_HIVcoinfection/default.htm.
5 CDC. The Role of STD Detection and Treatment in HIV Prevention. Atlanta: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; 2008. [cited 2010 March 19]. Available from: http://www.cdc.gov/std/hiv/STDFact-STD-HIV.htm.



Page Last Updated: April 1, 2014

CDCNPIN.org

Contact Us
About Us
HIV Content Notice
Privacy Policy
Policies & Disclaimers
Site Index
Help Using the CDC NPIN Web Site

CDC NPIN Searches

Search Organizations
Search Materials
Search Funding Opportunities
Search Campaign Resources
Help Using the CDC NPIN Searches

CDC NPIN Resources

hivtest.cdc.gov
m.hivtest.cdc.gov
findtbresources.org
STD Awareness Microsite
findstdtest.org
AIDS Gov Logo and Link CDC Logo and Link