According to official sources, the Pakistani government has achieved 100 percent coverage with the DOTS (directly observed treatment, short course) strategy recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) for the detection and cure of TB within the country, resulting in the treatment—without cost—of more than 700,000 TB patients. According to these sources, approximately 982 microscopy centers throughout the country now provide free diagnostics to TB patients. In addition, 40 districts in Pakistan have implemented external quality assurance for sputum microscopy. Pakistan also has five reference laboratories, including one at the federal level and the rest at the provincial level. Pakistan’s annual incidence of TB is 181 cases per 100,000, and case notification is 150 per 100,000. Pakistan’s treatment success rate for TB is 85 percent.
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