Structural Interventions, Alcohol Use, and Risk of HIV/AIDS (R01)
Grant Amount: Unspecified.
This FOA encourages research on the effectiveness of structural interventions that reduce the risk of HIV/AIDS transmission by changing the environment of alcohol use. Although a variety of structural and environmental interventions have been employed successfully to reduce other drinking-related problems, there has been relatively little research that extends such efforts into the realm of HIV/AIDS risk reduction. Applicants are especially encouraged to examine the ramifications for HIV/AIDS risk—particularly among high-risk populations for HIV—of “naturally occurring” or already-announced changes in alcohol-related laws, regulations, programs or policies.
The role played by alcohol consumption as a facilitator of HIV/AIDS infection risk has been the subject of much research. A relationship between alcohol use and HIV/AIDS risk has been documented among men who have sex with men, adolescents, HIV-seropositive individuals, seriously mentally ill persons, and others.
This FOA focuses on intermediate-level factors that directly affect the drinking environment. Hence, applications appropriate for this announcement will assess the impacts on HIV/AIDS risk of changes in one or more features of the alcohol consumption environment, including—but not limited to—changes in:
the form of alcohol availability (e.g., the sale of distilled spirits by the individual drink; ban on beer keg sales to individuals). alcohol server training programs; access of underage persons to alcohol; establishment/enforcement of curfews to limit hours of alcohol sales to young people, including restrictions on “happy hours” at alcohol-serving establishments; alcohol counter-advertising campaigns; retail prices of alcoholic beverages; restrictions placed on alcohol advertisements; enforcement of restrictions on public drinking; establishment of Employee Assistance Programs implemented at work settings to aid workers in curbing their alcohol use and related problems; local zoning of alcohol outlets; screening, assessment, and referral for intervention/treatment for mental disorders, problem drinking, and HIV risk behavior; physicians’ communication approaches with new HIV-positive patients concerning their alcohol use; policies and procedures in drinking establishments that affect intoxication levels and/or the likelihood of engaging in subsequent hi-risk sex; salience of warning labels on antiretroviral medications concerning drinking-associated risks.
The above list is not intended to be exhaustive. Prospective applicants might well consider evaluating a combination of such strategies in their project.
US Department of Health and Human Services Public Health Service National Institutes of Health National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
City Agencies Colleges/Universities Commercial Organizations Community Based Organizations County Agencies Educational Organizations/Institutions Federal Government Agencies International Agencies IRS 501 (c)(3) Organizations Nonprofit Organizations Religious Organizations Schools State Agencies Tribal Organizations
Award Amount Notes
The number of awards is contingent upon NIH appropriations and the submission of a sufficient number of meritorious applications.
Application budgets are not limited, but need to reflect the actual needs of the proposed project.
Alcohol Abuse HIV/AIDS Prevention Research Programs Risk Reduction
Applicants must download the SF424 (R&R) application package associated with this funding opportunity using the “Apply for Grant Electronically” button in this FOA or following the directions provided at Grants.gov.
It is critical that applicants follow the instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide (http://grants.nih.gov/grants/funding/424/SF424_RR_Guide_General_Adobe_VerB.pdf), except where instructed in this funding opportunity announcement to do otherwise. Conformance to the requirements in the Application Guide is required and strictly enforced. Applications that are out of compliance with these instructions may be delayed or not accepted for review.
For AIDS Application due date, visit: http://grants.nih.gov/grants/funding/submissionschedule.htm#AIDS.
Companion Funding Opportunity: PA-13-192, R21 Exploratory/Developmental Grant
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